A worker walks on the roof of a new home under construction in Carlsbad, California. Mike Blake | ReutersHomebuilders were less confident about their business in December, but they are starting to see potential green shoots.Builder sentiment in the single-family housing market dropped two points to 31 in December on the National Association of Home Builders/Wells Fargo Housing Market Index. Anything below 50 is considered negative. This is the 12th straight month of declines and the lowest reading since mid 2012, with the exception of a very brief drop at the start of the Covid pandemic. The index stood at 84 in December of last year.” The silver lining in this HMI report is that it is the smallest drop in the index in the past six months, indicating that we are possibly nearing the bottom of the cycle for builder sentiment, said NAHB chief economist Robert Dietz. “Mortgage rates are down from above 7% in recent weeks to about 6.3% today, and for the first time since April, builders registered an increase in future sales expectations.”Of the index’s three components, current sales conditions fell three points to 36 , buyer traffic was unchanged at 20, but sales expectations in the next six months increased four points to 35. Regionally, sentiment was strongest in the Northeast and weakest in the West, where prices are highest. The NAHB continues to blame high mortgage rates, which despite the recent drop are still about twice what they were a year ago. That has caused affordability to plummet. “In this high inflation, high mortgage rate environment, builders are struggling to keep housing affordable for home buyers,” said NAHB Chairman Jerry Konter, a builder and developer from Savannah, Georgia. “Our latest survey shows 62% of builders are using incentives to bolster sales, including providing mortgage rate buy-downs, paying points for buyers and offering price reductions.”But Konter noted that with construction costs up more than 30% since the beginning of This year, builders are still having a hard time cutting prices. Roughly 35% of builders reduced homes prices in December, down from 36% in November. The average price reduction was 8%, up from 5% to 6% earlier in the year.”NAHB is expecting weaker housing conditions to persist in 2023, and we forecast a recovery coming in 2024, given the existing nationwide housing shortage of 1.5 million. units and future, lower mortgage rates forecast with the Fed easing monetary policy in 2024,” said Dietz.